دانلود مقاله ISI با ترجمه :مهندسی مجدد نرم افزاری فرایند کسب و کار در بهداشت و درمان در ارتباط با سیستم های اطلاعاتی سلامت

متن کامل مقاله ISI با ترجمه فارسی

عنوان فارسی :مهندسی مجدد نرم افزاری فرایند کسب و کار در بهداشت و درمان در ارتباط با سیستم های اطلاعاتی سلامت

عنوان :Business Process Re-Engineering Application in Healthcare in a relation to Health Information Systems

تکه هایی از متن مقاله ISI با ترجمه فارسی به عنوان نمونه :(ممکن است هنگام انتقال از فایل اصلی به داخل سایت بعضی متون به هم بریزد یا بعضی نمادها و اشکال درج نشود ولی در فایل دانلودی همه چیز مرتب و کامل است)

Business Process Re-Engineering Application in Healthcare in a relation to Health Information Systems Soudabeh Khodambashi* PhD candidate, Department of Computer and Information Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology,Trondheim, Norway Abstract Technology application such as health information system in health care affects health care delivery including its clinical process. Health information system is used extensively in healthcare to support the infrastructure of medicine. Improving clinical process enables better understanding of healthcare systems as technology and clinical process need to be aligned to each other. One of the introduced techniques which improve clinical process is business process re-engineering (BPR). The aim of this paper is to investigate the application of BPR and its effectiveness in healthcare related to health information systems (HIS); this paper also highlights critical success factors for healthcare organizations to consider while implementing BPR in their process. In conclusion, application of BPR before implementation of HIS or even after implementation can be helpful to improve effectiveness of HIS. Application of IT can also be an enabler for redesign process, particularly in integration of multiple processes and process automation. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of CENTERIS/ProjMAN/HCIST. Keywords: Information Systems; Health Information System; Business Process Re-engineering; Healthcare; Clinical Workflow * Corresponding author. Tel.: +47-735-506-29; fax: +47-735-944-66. E-mail address: soudabeh@idi.ntnu.no. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com © 2013 The Authors Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of SCIKA – Association for Promotion and Dissemination of Scientifi c Knowledge 950 Soudabeh Khodambashi / Procedia Technology 9 ( 2013 ) 949 – 957 1. Introduction Information technology (IT) is used in many industries today, with substantial benefits. “Medical information science is the science of using system-analytic tools to develop procedures (algorithms) for management, process control, decision making and scientific analysis of medical knowledge” [1]. On one hand, the ability of healthcare organizations to perform their function (such as order entry, report writing and decision support systems), reduce errors (medication and diagnosis) and achieve their goals can be provided by using information technology-based systems, also known as Health Information Systems (HIS) [2, 3]. On the other hand, some hazards such as its failure and its negative effects on patient or user related to application of HIS have been reported [2]. However, healthcare organizations must strive to achieve their best possible performance. So, evaluation of HIS is crucial to ensure that maximum benefits are gained by HIS. If the new technology that applied in health care is not adapted to the current user activity, it may causes dissatisfaction of users and they refuse to accept new technology. In other word, evaluation of HIS enables the assessment of the extent to which HIS are fulfilling decision makers and users objectives in supporting the services of healthcare delivery [2, 4, 5]. Based on reviewed literature, 45% of HIS were rejected due to user resistance [6-8]. It was reported that misfit between system and clinical practice were more common, so, the ability of the new technology to fit to the clinical environment became important. Therefore, it is essential to evaluate and redesign the clinical process and workflow to make sure fit between clinical processes and HIS as implementing of information technology in healthcare needs workflow redesign in order to achieve success [9]. Process defines as "a structured, measured set of activities designed to produce a specified output for a particular customer or market. It implies on a strong emphasis how work is done within an organization" [10, 11]. Business process is defined as "a set of logically related tasks performed to achieve a defined business outcome." [10, 12]. The definition of clinical process can be similar to business process; with the difference which it involves clinical activities. Clinical process includes steps that govern how to use resources to create services based on customer requirements. A customer, in this definition, is a patient, a nurse or a specialist. Clinical pathway also refers to clinical process, and was first introduced by Zander in the early 1980s to healthcare [13]. Since the 1980’s, quality management methods have been introduced to be applied to healthcare organizations. In the last decade, these methods have been used particularly to improve the quality of healthcare, as well as improve healthcare processes. A number of management techniques were proposed and applied to enhance adoption of HIS to clinical setting and the selection of methods depends on several factors such as existing needs and particular work environment, available resources and available knowledge and objectives. One of the methods of study on clinical process and clinical workflow is business process reengineering (BPR). BPR can enable us to further understand the adoption of health information systems in actual clinical settings [14]. Another suggested method in literature is Lean, which for optimizing clinical workflow [15]. Lean method is used to focus more in details of the process as BPR has a holistic view about the workflow. When BPR implemented in clinical process, the role of Lean method is to remove waste and increase efficiency of clinical workflow in the re-engineered process more specifically in details for each subprocess. However, if an organization aim to identify defects (perhaps through statistical analysis), then Six Sigma method is preferable choice [16].

تعداد صفحه : 9تکه هایی از متن ترجمه فارسی به عنوان نمونه :مهندسی مجدد نرم افزاری فرایند کسب و کار در بهداشت و درمان در ارتباط با سیستم های اطلاعاتی سلامت:چکیده:کاربرد فناوری مانند سیستم اطلاعاتی بهداشتی در رائه خدامت بهداشتی از جمله خدمات بالینی در مراقبت های بهداشتی تاثیر می گذارد. نظام اطلاعات سلامت در مراقبت های بهداشتی به طور گسترده مورد استفاده برای حمایت از زیرساخت های پزشکی قرار می گیرد. بهبود فرایند بالینی را قادر می سازد تا درک بهتری از سیستم های مراقبت های به عنوان فناوری و روند بالینی فرایند مهندسی مجدد کسب و کار است(BPR).هدف از این مقاله بررسی استفاده از BPR و اثر ان در بهداشت و درمان مرتبط با سلامت با سیستم های اطالاعاتی (HIS) است. این مقاله همچنین به بررسی عوامل برای موفقیت برای سازمان بهداشت و درمان با اجرای BPR است. در نتیجه استفاده از BPR قبل از اجرای HIS و حتی پس از پیاده سازی می تواند برای بهبود اثربخشی HPS مفید باشد. استفاده از فناوری اطلاعات نیز می تواند یک توانمندسازی برای طراحی مجدد رودر رو داشته باشد که به خصوص در یکپارچه سازی فرایند های متعدد و اتوماسیون می باشد.کلمات کلیدی:سیستم های اطلاعاتی،سیستم اطلاعاتی بهداشتی،مهندسی مجدد فرایند کسب وکار،بهداشت و درمان،گردش کار بالینی.1-مقدمه:فناوری اطلاعات(IT) در بسیاری از صنایع با مزایای قابل توجهی استفاده می شود. علم اطلاعات پزشکی علم استفاده از ابزارهای سیستم تحلیل با توسعه روش الگوریتم برای مدیریت،کنترل فرایند،تصمیم گیری و تجزیه وتحلیل عملی از دانش پزشکی است.تعداد صفحه:15قیمت : 14300تومان

بلافاصله پس از پرداخت ، لینک دانلود مقاله به شما نشان داده می شود

و در ضمن فایل خریداری شده به ایمیل شما ارسال می شود.

پشتیبانی سایت :        09309714541 (فقط پیامک)        info@arshadha.ir

در صورتی که مشکلی با پرداخت آنلاین دارید می توانید مبلغ مورد نظر برای هر فایل را کارت به کارت کرده و فایل درخواستی و اطلاعات واریز را به ایمیل ما ارسال کنید تا فایل را از طریق ایمیل دریافت کنید.

--  -- --

مطالب مشابه را هم ببینید

فایل مورد نظر خودتان را پیدا نکردید ؟ نگران نباشید . این صفحه را نبندید ! سایت ما حاوی حجم عظیمی از پایان نامه های دانشگاهی است. مطالب مشابه را هم ببینید. برای یافتن فایل مورد نظر کافیست از قسمت جستجو استفاده کنید. یا از منوی بالای سایت رشته مورد نظر خود را انتخاب کنید و همه فایل های رشته خودتان را ببینید