The present chapter includes six parts. The first part presents a background to the study. The second part addresses the statement of the problem followed by research questions in the third part. Then, the significance of the study and research questions are presented, respectively. Definitions of key terms are presented at the end of the chapter.
It is well established that second/foreign language learning is often associated with affective factors, among which the constructs of anxiety and motivation have been recognized as important predictors of second/foreign language performance. Anxiety is defined as a state of uneasiness and apprehension or fear caused by the anticipation of something threatening (Chastain, 1988).Many researchers believe language anxiety influences language learning. Whereas facilitating anxiety exerts positive effects on learners' performance, too much anxiety may cause a poor performance (Scovels, 1991). Some of symptoms of anxiety are shown physically as we may feel our heart beating faster and psychologically as we may feel frightened or panicky. We start to have anxious thoughts about the very real possibility of making a complete fool of ourselves and the consequent loss of face as a consequence of this type of anxiety. Nobody likes to be thought of as a failure.But the real problem with anxiety is that in order to avoid feelings of discomfort, feeling frightened or a sense of failure, we may choose to avoid situations which have the potential to make us discomfort. But the result of avoidance is the gradual loss of our self-esteem (Horwitz, Horwitz & Cope, 1986). Anxiety has been regarded as one of the most important affective factors that can influence second language acquisition. Much research has been conducted to find the relationship between anxiety and achievement in the learning of different foreign languages. Such research has revealed that anxiety can impede foreign language production and achievement (e.g., Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986; MacIntyre& Gardner, 1994). Language anxiety is experienced by learners of both foreign and second language and causes potential problems as it can interfere with the acquisition, retention, and production of the new language (MacIntyre& Gardner, 1991).Students with all levels of academic achievement and intellectual abilities are believed to be affected by anxiety in language learning contexts. This type of anxiety occurs in varying degrees and is characterized by emotional feelings of worry, fear, and apprehension. It can be experienced differently by different individuals. As students’ progress, abundant pressures, and different anxiety levels might affect them. To facilitate higher levels of performance, Soupon (2004) urges teachers to be aware of the language learning anxiety factor, which can negatively impact the performances of students. Soupon lists the lack of competence as the first reason for anxious students; the second is the lack of proper study skills, and the third is wrong self-perceptions about their capacities.تعداد صفحه : 124قیمت : 14000تومان
بلافاصله پس از پرداخت ، لینک دانلود پایان نامه به شما نشان داده می شود
و در ضمن فایل خریداری شده به ایمیل شما ارسال می شود.
در صورتی که مشکلی با پرداخت آنلاین دارید می توانید مبلغ مورد نظر برای هر فایل را کارت به کارت کرده و فایل درخواستی و اطلاعات واریز را به ایمیل ما ارسال کنید تا فایل را از طریق ایمیل دریافت کنید.
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مطالب مشابه را هم ببینید
فایل مورد نظر خودتان را پیدا نکردید ؟ نگران نباشید . این صفحه را نبندید ! سایت ما حاوی حجم عظیمی از پایان نامه های دانشگاهی است. مطالب مشابه را هم ببینید. برای یافتن فایل مورد نظر کافیست از قسمت جستجو استفاده کنید. یا از منوی بالای سایت رشته مورد نظر خود را انتخاب کنید و همه فایل های رشته خودتان را ببینید